Scope 1 emissions – released directly from our operations – account for 60% of our footprint and are at the core of our emissions reduction strategy. Most of these emissions come from cement production. 39% are generated during the decarbonation of the raw materials we use to produce clinker, and fuel consumption necessary to heat cement kilns is another significant source of emissions. A small share of scope 1 emissions come from operations linked to Solutions & Products, aggregates and ready-mix concrete.
Scope 2 emissions account for 4% of our carbon footprint. These include indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity consumed by our owned or controlled equipment.
Scope 3 emissions account for 36% of our carbon footprint. These include all other indirect emissions generated in our supply chain, such as for transportation and the extraction and production of purchased materials and fuels. Scope 3 also includes direct emissions from non-consolidated companies and investments.